Ocymum basilicum  



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Botanical Name : Ocymum basilicum
Common Name : 
Distribution :
Description :
Action : 
Part used : 
Chemical components : 
Based on one laboratory study, Ocimum basilicum L. contains linalol (54.95%), methylchavikol (11.98%), methylcinnamat (7.24%), and linolen (0.14%). Essential oil is also found in sweet basil16, along with rosmarinic acid17,4, citral, eugenol, and geraniol.
Effective Ingredients: 
In a laboratory study, Ocimum basilicum var. citratum showed promising antibacterial activity against Salmonella spp., Escherichai coli O157, Campylobacter jejunii, and Clostridium perferingens.3 The essential oil of basil, obtained from the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum L., also showed activity against multidrug resistant clinical isolates from the genera Staphylococcus, Enterococcus, and Pseudomonas.15 The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were reported between 0.0030% and 0.0007% (v/v).
Antimicrobial activity; sweet basil has been studied for its antimicrobial effects in laboratory studies with good results. In India, sweet basil is used for dental ailments due to its proposed antimicrobial effects; the mechanism of action is unclear.
Antioxidant activity; in a study of patients with chronic bronchitis, exposure to essential oils of basil caused lowering of plasma levels of dienic conjugates and ketons and activation of catalase in red cells characteristic of antioxidant effects. Niture et al. report that the extracts from sweet basil were able to raise O6-methylguanine-DNA- methyltransferase (MGMT) levels. Increased levels of MGMT mRNA accounted at least, in part, for the increased activity of the DNA repair protein. Sweet basil also increased glutathione S-transferase-pi (GSTP1) expression, albeit to a lesser extent than MGMT. The authors concluded that plant constituents upregulate human MGMT and raise the possibility of rational dietary approaches for attenuating alkylation-induced carcinogenesis. Further, they reveal the putative antioxidant responsiveness of the MGMT gene in human cells.
Therapeutic uses :


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- Lavit KHAM  B.Sc (Chemistry),B.Pharm, MPS,MAACP, MNHAA
Medicinal Plants of Cambodia Habitat, Chemical constituents and Ethno botanical Uses
Bendigo Scientific Press   ISBN 0-646-43703-8  / 9780646437033
- Somanith BOUAMANIVONG & Onvilay SOURIYA Ministry of Health, Traditional Medicine Research Center, Editor Prof. Dr. Bouhong SOUTHAVONG, Vientiane 2005.
- Lily, M. PERRY. Medicinal Plants of East and Southeast Asia, London, England 1978
- WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series No 2
- Jules VIDAL, Noms vernaculaires de plantes (LAO, MEO, KHA) 1959
- Medicinal Plants in China 1989
- C. Pierce SALGUERO A Thai Herbal, Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony, 2005
Silkworm Books www.silkwormbooks.info   ISBN 974-9575-74-1 

- Dr. Sabine WILKINS Plant Physiology & Dr. Pauline Mc CABE Naturopathy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria Australia.
Prof. Roger KING, Pharmacology Toxicology, Monash University, Australia.
Chea SOK MENG, Cambodian pharmacist
Prof, Ka SUNBAUNAT Cambodian psychiatrist, Vice Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Phnom Penh.

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