Curcuma longa  
 

 

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Botanical Name : Curcuma longa
Common Name : 
Curcuma
Thai Name :
ขมิ้นชัน (Khrah min tchan)
Distribution :
India, Sri Lanka, Indonésia, Thailand, Malaisia, Chine, Caribbean, some Pacific islands.
Description :
Curcuma longa is a perennial plant with roots or tubers oblong-palmate, and deep orange inside. Leaves
about 2 feet long, lanceolate, long, petioled, tapering at each end, smooth, of a uniform green. Flowers are dull yellow, three or five together surrounded by bracteolae. It is propagated by cuttings from the root. In fresh state, the roots have an aromatic and spicy fragrance, which by drying gives way to a more medicinal aroma.
Action : 
Curcuma has been shown to exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer activities and thus has a potential against various malignant diseases, diabetes, allergies, arthritis, Alzheimer's disease, and other chronic illnesses.
Part used : Root
Chemical components : 
Curcumin-sulphate, Curcumin-glucuronide; Catabolites: Vanillic acid and Ferulic acid.
 

Curcuma longa botanical plate

Therapeutic uses : Curcuma Longa is widely used in Aryuvedic, Unani-tibb and Sidha herbal systems as an antioxidant, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial.
It is also recommended for treating diabetes, high cholesterol, abdominal pains, menstrual disorders, wounds, eczema, psoriasis, jaundice, inflammations, cancerous symptoms, and as a blood purifying activity.
   

Curcuma longa chemicals components

All herbs

Adenosma indianum - Aegle marmelos Correa - Aganosma marginata - Adenosma indianum - Allium satium - Allium tuberosum - Aloe vera - Alpinia galanga - Alpinia officinarum - Alstonia scholaris - Amomum krervanh - Andrographis paniculata - Arachis hypogaea - Boesenbergia pandurata - Bridelia burmanica - Canaga odorata - Capsicum annuum - Capsicum frutescens - Carica papaya - Carthamus tinctorius  - Cassia angustifolia - Cassia tora - Centella asiatica - Cinnamomum cassia - Clitoria ternatea - Coriandrum sativum - Curcuma Longa - Cymbopogon citratus - Eclipta prostrata - Elettaria cardamomum - Equisetum arvense  - Ganoderma lucidum - Ginkgo biloba - Glycine max - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis - Illicium verum - Jasmine - Lycium barbarum - Medicago sativa - Momordica charantia - Morinda officinalis - Moringa oliefera - Myristica fragrans - Nelumbo nucifera - Ocymum basilicum - Panax ginseng - Perilla frutescens - Phaseolus vulgaris - Phyllanthus emblica - Piper nigrum - Plumeria alba - Plantago ovata - Ricinus - Sesamum indicum - Styrax tonkinense - Sassafras - Terminalia chebula  - Tribulus terrestris  - Zingiber officinale

Resources
:
- Lavit KHAM  B.Sc (Chemistry),B.Pharm, MPS,MAACP, MNHAA
Medicinal Plants of Cambodia Habitat, Chemical constituents and Ethno botanical Uses
Bendigo Scientific Press  – ISBN 0-646-43703-8  / 9780646437033
- Somanith BOUAMANIVONG & Onvilay SOURIYA – Ministry of Health, Traditional Medicine Research Center, Editor Prof. Dr. Bouhong SOUTHAVONG, Vientiane 2005.
- Lily, M. PERRY. Medicinal Plants of East and Southeast Asia, London, England 1978
- WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series No 2
- Jules VIDAL, Noms vernaculaires de plantes (LAO, MEO, KHA) 1959
- Medicinal Plants in China 1989
- C. Pierce SALGUERO – A Thai Herbal, Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony, 2005
Silkworm Books www.silkwormbooks.info  – ISBN 974-9575-74-1 

Acknowledgements:
- Dr. Sabine WILKINS Plant Physiology & Dr. Pauline Mc CABE Naturopathy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria Australia.
-
Prof. Roger KING, Pharmacology Toxicology, Monash University, Australia.
-
Chea SOK MENG, Cambodian pharmacist
-
Prof, Ka SUNBAUNAT Cambodian psychiatrist, Vice Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Phnom Penh.

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