Clitoria ternata  



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Butterfly Pea, Blue Pea flower

Thai Name:     Anchan  ดอกอัญขัญ
English Name:    Butterfly Pea, Blue Pea
French name:    Liane madame, liane Ternate, pistache marronne bleue, pois bleu, pois de haies
Botanical Name:    Clitorea tematea
Family Name:        Fabaceae

Butterfly Pea, Blue Pea

Flowering period:    All year long; flowers are solitary, bright deep blue with light yellow markings to 2 inches long by 1˝ inches wide.    
Distribution:  Clitoria is a vine native to tropical and equatorial Asia, but has been introduced to Africa, Australia and Asia.

The benefits have been seen with both the water and ethanolic components, so there are likely multiple bioactive compounds (in regards to brain boosting); the known components of Clitoria Ternatea are:
Taraxerol, Anthocyanin compounds based on Delphinidin called Ternatins, Steroids undisclosed but possible related to stigmast-4-ene-3,6-dione, Flavonoids undisclosed, Glycosides, undisclosed in one study and those based on Kaempferol and Quercetin in another study, Saponins, undisclosed, Carbohydrates in the seeds and leaves, mostly water-soluble mucilage, flutulene, and oligosacchardes, a fatty acid composition consisting mostly of Palmitic, Stearic, Oleic, and Linoleic acids, a biopesticide called Finotin, Trypsin inhibitors (unidentified) in the seeds, Total phenolic content of Clitoria Ternatea is approximately 1.9mg/g (0.2%) gallic acid equivalents (GAE); relatively low compared to other herbs.
Composition of Clitoria Ternatea is still not too well known.
Parts used:  Flower, Seed, Root
Therapeutic uses:   Ant rheumatic, Diuretic, Laxative, Stomachic. The butterfly pea seed is used to treat constipation and to soothe stomach pains and cramps. The root has similar properties but is also a diuretic and an ant rheumatic. The decoction is dropped into the eyes to treat poor vision and is added to toothpaste or powder to treat toothache. This herb is also a hair tonic, used to treat baldness and falling hair.

Benefits for memory:  In young rat pups, 50 or 100mg/kg of the water extract of Clitoria Ternatea was able to increase memory over the course of 30 days. Higher doses of the ethanolic extract (300mg/kg) have also been found to be effective, with the root extract being seemingly more potent than the aerial (leaf and stem) extract. A subsequent comparative study found 100mg/kg Clitoria Ternatea (water extract) insignificantly different than 50mg/kg Piracetam after 9 days of treatment, despite no apparent effects of Clitoria after the first day (with Piracetam being effective after the first dose); suggestive of a loading effect of Clitoria similar to Bacopa Monnieri.
Anxiety and Depression:   Clitoria Ternatea appears to possess both anxiolytic and anti-depressive actions, of moderate to weak potency relative to control drugs (Diazepam, Fluoxetine). In testes doses of 30-400mg/kg it showed dose-dependence, however.
Clitoria was also able to reduce the biological effects of stress on rats when taken at 400mg/kg, as assessed by stress-induced ulcers. High doses of Clitoria may be adaptogenic.

All herbs

Adenosma indianum - Aegle marmelos Correa - Aganosma marginata - Adenosma indianum - Allium satium - Allium tuberosum - Aloe vera - Alpinia galanga - Alpinia officinarum - Alstonia scholaris - Amomum krervanh - Andrographis paniculata - Arachis hypogaea - Boesenbergia pandurata - Bridelia burmanica - Canaga odorata - Capsicum annuum - Capsicum frutescens - Carica papaya - Carthamus tinctorius  - Cassia angustifolia - Cassia tora - Centella asiatica - Cinnamomum cassia - Clitoria ternatea - Coriandrum sativum - Curcuma Longa - Cymbopogon citratus - Eclipta prostrata - Elettaria cardamomum - Equisetum arvense  - Ganoderma lucidum - Ginkgo biloba - Glycine max - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis - Illicium verum - Jasmine - Lycium barbarum - Medicago sativa - Momordica charantia - Morinda officinalis - Moringa oliefera - Myristica fragrans - Nelumbo nucifera - Ocymum basilicum - Panax ginseng - Perilla frutescens - Phaseolus vulgaris - Phyllanthus emblica - Piper nigrum - Plumeria alba - Plantago ovata - Ricinus - Sesamum indicum - Styrax tonkinense - Sassafras - Terminalia chebula  - Tribulus terrestris  - Zingiber officinale

- Lavit KHAM  B.Sc (Chemistry),B.Pharm, MPS,MAACP, MNHAA
Medicinal Plants of Cambodia Habitat, Chemical constituents and Ethno botanical Uses
Bendigo Scientific Press  – ISBN 0-646-43703-8  / 9780646437033
- Somanith BOUAMANIVONG & Onvilay SOURIYA – Ministry of Health, Traditional Medicine Research Center, Editor Prof. Dr. Bouhong SOUTHAVONG, Vientiane 2005.
- Lily, M. PERRY. Medicinal Plants of East and Southeast Asia, London, England 1978
- WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series No 2
- Jules VIDAL, Noms vernaculaires de plantes (LAO, MEO, KHA) 1959
- Medicinal Plants in China 1989
- C. Pierce SALGUERO – A Thai Herbal, Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony, 2005
Silkworm Books  – ISBN 974-9575-74-1 

- Dr. Sabine WILKINS Plant Physiology & Dr. Pauline Mc CABE Naturopathy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria Australia.
Prof. Roger KING, Pharmacology Toxicology, Monash University, Australia.
Chea SOK MENG, Cambodian pharmacist
Prof, Ka SUNBAUNAT Cambodian psychiatrist, Vice Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Phnom Penh.

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