Carthamus tinctorius  
 

 

Spices

Dried Fruits

Resins & Incenses

Stevia Rebaudiana

Seeds

Essential Oils

Herbal Extracts

Trade Leads

+++++++++

Natural Remedies

Plant Identification Terminology

Crop Calendar

Tracking

Shipping & Handling  Marks

Labels



 

    

  
Botanical Name : Carthamus tinctorius
Common Name : 
Safflower
Distribution :
Description :
Action : 
Part used :
Chemical components : 
The safflower plant contains safflower yellow, chalconoid compounds, safflomin A64 and the pigment kinobeon A. Safflower seeds contain N-(p-coumaroyl) serotonin. Constituents of safflower oil include of 6% palmitic, 12% oleic, 74% linoleic acids18, and omega-6 linoleic acid, with two double bonds67. Derivatives of safflower oil cake include N-[2-(5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]ferulamide, N-[2-(5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]-p-coumaramide, N,N'-[2,2'-(5,5'-dihydroxy-4,4'-bi-1H-indol-3,3'-yl)diethyl]- di-p-coumaramide, N-[2-[3'-[2-(p-coumaramido)ethyl]-5,5'-dihydroxy- 4,4'-bi-1H-indol-3-yl]ethyl]ferulamide, and N,N'-[2,2'-(5,5'-dihydroxy-4,4'-bi-1H-indol-3,3'-yl)diethyl]- diferulamide, N-[2-[5-(beta-D-glucosyloxy)-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]- p-coumaramide, and N-[2-[5-(beta-D-glucosyloxy)-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]ferulamide.

   
Therapeutic uses : In a clinical study, normotensive adults ingesting safflower oil did not show any significant changes in systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure, but resting mean arterial pressure significantly decreased to 79 +/- 2 (p<0.05).
Anti-carcinogenic effects; data from a retrospective case-control study show an inverse relationship of breast cancer risk with intake of seed oils, including safflower oil.
According to an animal study, the effect of a high fat diet rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (safflower oil) depends upon the time at which the oil is ingested: if before tumor cell inoculation such a diet promotes tumor growth, whereas if after tumor growth is initiated, it does not.31 This suggests that n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids promote the initiation of colon tumor growth, but do not exert growth-promoting effects on colon tumors once they are established.
According to an animal study, the effect of a high fat diet rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (safflower oil) depends upon the time at which the oil is ingested: if before tumor cell inoculation such a diet promotes tumor growth, whereas if after tumor growth is initiated, it does not.31 This suggests that n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids promote the initiation of colon tumor growth, but do not exert growth-promoting effects on colon tumors once they are established.
Antioxidant effects; seven antioxidative serotonin derivatives were isolated from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) oil cake.68 Their structures were established as N-[2-(5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]ferulamide, N-[2-(5-hydroxy-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]-p-coumaramide, N,N'-[2,2'-(5,5'-dihydroxy-4,4'-bi-1H-indol-3,3'-yl)diethyl]- di-p-coumaramide, N-[2-[3'-[2-(p-coumaramido)ethyl]-5,5'-dihydroxy- 4,4'-bi-1H-indol-3-yl]ethyl]ferulamide, and N,N'-[2,2'-(5,5'-dihydroxy-4,4'-bi-1H-indol-3,3'-yl)diethyl]- diferulamide, N-[2-[5-(beta-D-glucosyloxy)-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]- p-coumaramide, and N-[2-[5-(beta-D-glucosyloxy)-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]ferulamide. Antioxidative activities of the compounds were measured by the ferric thiocyanate method and the alpha,alpha-diphenyl-beta-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method, and only N-[2-[5-(beta-D-glucosyloxy)-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]- p-coumaramide, and N-[2-[5-(beta-D-glucosyloxy)-1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]ferulamide were found not to have relatively strong antioxidative activity.
Blood pressure effects: In a clinical study, normotensive adults ingesting safflower oil did not show any significant changes in systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure, but resting mean arterial pressure significantly decreased to 79 +/- 2 (p<0.05).20
In a clinical trial, whole blood and plasma viscosity, and red blood cell Li/Na countertransport, Na/K cotransport, and Na pump systems (V max ) were unchanged by ingestion of dietary linoleic acid.24
In a clinical study, 50mL of safflower oil (39g of n-6 fatty acids) did not significantly affect blood pressure in eight white men with essential.
 

All herbs

Adenosma indianum - Aegle marmelos Correa - Aganosma marginata - Adenosma indianum - Allium satium - Allium tuberosum - Aloe vera - Alpinia galanga - Alpinia officinarum - Alstonia scholaris - Amomum krervanh - Andrographis paniculata - Arachis hypogaea - Boesenbergia pandurata - Bridelia burmanica - Canaga odorata - Capsicum annuum - Capsicum frutescens - Carica papaya - Carthamus tinctorius  - Cassia angustifolia - Cassia tora - Centella asiatica - Cinnamomum cassia - Clitoria ternatea - Coriandrum sativum - Curcuma Longa - Cymbopogon citratus - Eclipta prostrata - Elettaria cardamomum - Equisetum arvense  - Ganoderma lucidum - Ginkgo biloba - Glycine max - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis - Illicium verum - Jasmine - Lycium barbarum - Medicago sativa - Momordica charantia - Morinda officinalis - Moringa oliefera - Myristica fragrans - Nelumbo nucifera - Ocymum basilicum - Panax ginseng - Perilla frutescens - Phaseolus vulgaris - Phyllanthus emblica - Piper nigrum - Plumeriaalba - Plantago ovata - Ricinus - Sesamum indicum - Styrax tonkinense - Sassafras - Terminalia chebula  - Tribulus terrestris  - Zingiber officinale

 

Interested in receiving information about common herbs and their medicinal uses?

Sign up for the Newsletter!

  

 

    




2005-2010 Prodifact.com All rights reserved.