Aloe vera  



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Botanical Name : Aloe vera
Common Name : 
 Indian Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Curacao Aloe, Indian Aloe.
Distribution :
South America, Africa, Asia.
Description :
Aloe barbadensis is a coarse-looking perennial plant with a short stem, erect, with crowded leaves that has spiny teeth on the margins.
Action : 
Adjuvant, Alterative, Anthelmintic, Antipyretic, Bitter Tonic, Blood Tonic, Emollient, Emmenagogue, Hepatic, Laxative, Purgative, Vulnerary.
Part used : Leaf
Chemical components : 
It contains enzymes, polysaccharides and nutrients which exhibit antibacterial and antifungal action.

Photo: aloe vera plante

Photo: gel aloe vera

The gel or mucilage obtained from the flesh of the leaf is 99% water at pH 4.5. The constituent polysaccharide glucomannan is an effective human skin moisturizer, which accounts for its use in many cosmetics. Acemannan, the major carbohydrate fraction in the gel, is a water-soluble long chain mannose polymer, which has been found in vitro and in animal studies to modulate immune function (particularly macrophage activation and cytokine production) and to accelerate wound healing. Acemannan has also been reported to exhibit antineoplastic and antiviral effects in vitro.
Topical aloe's anti-inflammatory properties do not appear to interfere with wound healing, but rather increase wound tensile strength16, possibly due to the fibroblast stimulating activity of mannose-6-phosphate. In vivo, Aloe vera gel (97.5%) significantly reduced UV-induced erythema after 48 hours, being superior to 1% hydrocortisone in placebo gel. In contrast, 1% hydrocortisone in cream was more efficient than Aloe vera gel. Aloe also has antithromboxane activity, yet it maintains prostaglandin ratio without causing injured blood vessels to collapse.
Antineoplastic effects; anti-leukemic and anti-mutagenic effects of aloe in vitro have been attributed to di (2-ethylhexyl) phtalate (DEHP).19 Promotion of apoptosis has been reported in vitro as a possible anti-neoplastic mechanism. Aloe appears to affect detoxification of reactive metabolites by liver and other organs.
Antioxidant effects; antioxidant properties have been attributed to aloesin derived from Aloe vera. Based on cell-line research, APS-1, a polysaccharide from Aloe vera var. chinesis, also showed free radical scavenging and other antioxidant properties.
Cardiovascular effects; calcium isocitrate, isolated from Aloe sponaria, has been shown to be inotropic in rat and rabbit hearts.

Therapeutic uses :  It also has a natural sunscreen effect that moisturizes the skin. Its principal constituents are the leaves that contain barbaloin, chrysophanol glycoside and the aglycone, aloe-emodin. The leaf juice forms the main source of the drug. Aloes have long been in use for a host of diseases, particularly those connected with the digestive system; they have also been used for wounds, burns, dermatitis, cutaneous leishmaniasis and other skin troubles. It is used in eye troubles, spleen and liver ailments.
Kumari is also known to relieve dysmenorrhoea in young women by expelling uterine debris.
In Asia texts list aloe in recipes for parasites, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, mucous in the digestive tract, flatulence, fever, blood in breast milk, and infected or stagnant blood.
Uses : It is useful for X ray burns, Dermatitis, Cutaneous and disorders of skin. Drug from juice is tonic and is used in jaundice, ameneorrhoea, atonic and piles. Aloe Vera Gel has the remarkable ability to heal wounds, ulcer and burns.

All herbs

Adenosma indianum - Aegle marmelos Correa - Aganosma marginata - Adenosma indianum - Allium satium - Allium tuberosum - Aloe vera - Alpinia galanga - Alpinia officinarum - Alstonia scholaris - Amomum krervanh - Andrographis paniculata - Arachis hypogaea - Boesenbergia pandurata - Bridelia burmanica - Canaga odorata - Capsicum annuum - Capsicum frutescens - Carica papaya - Carthamus tinctorius  - Cassia angustifolia - Cassia tora - Centella asiatica - Cinnamomum cassia - Clitoria ternatea - Coriandrum sativum - Curcuma Longa - Cymbopogon citratus - Eclipta prostrata - Elettaria cardamomum - Equisetum arvense  - Ganoderma lucidum - Ginkgo biloba - Glycine max - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis - Illicium verum - Jasmine - Lycium barbarum - Medicago sativa - Momordica charantia - Morinda officinalis - Moringa oliefera - Myristica fragrans - Nelumbo nucifera - Ocymum basilicum - Panax ginseng - Perilla frutescens - Phaseolus vulgaris - Phyllanthus emblica - Piper nigrum - Plumeriaalba - Plantago ovata - Ricinus - Sesamum indicum - Styrax tonkinense - Sassafras - Terminalia chebula  - Tribulus terrestris  - Zingiber officinale

- Lavit KHAM  B.Sc (Chemistry),B.Pharm, MPS,MAACP, MNHAA
Medicinal Plants of Cambodia Habitat, Chemical constituents and Ethno botanical Uses
Bendigo Scientific Press   ISBN 0-646-43703-8  / 9780646437033
- Somanith BOUAMANIVONG & Onvilay SOURIYA Ministry of Health, Traditional Medicine Research Center, Editor Prof. Dr. Bouhong SOUTHAVONG, Vientiane 2005.
- Lily, M. PERRY. Medicinal Plants of East and Southeast Asia, London, England 1978
- WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific Series No 2
- Jules VIDAL, Noms vernaculaires de plantes (LAO, MEO, KHA) 1959
- Medicinal Plants in China 1989
- C. Pierce SALGUERO A Thai Herbal, Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony, 2005
Silkworm Books   ISBN 974-9575-74-1 

- Dr. Sabine WILKINS Plant Physiology & Dr. Pauline Mc CABE Naturopathy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria Australia.
Prof. Roger KING, Pharmacology Toxicology, Monash University, Australia.
Chea SOK MENG, Cambodian pharmacist
Prof, Ka SUNBAUNAT Cambodian psychiatrist, Vice Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Phnom Penh.

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