Common Name : Adenosma
Distribution : Commonly found wild in
mountainous regions, especially on hillsides
Description : Annual herb, 20-60 cm.
high. Stems erect Young twigs at first
pubescent, finally glabrous. Leaves
opposite, short-petioled, lanceolate,
pubescent; margins toothed. Inflorescence
terminal in a sort of head; flowers violet.
Capsule with numerous seeds. Part
used : The whole plant is collected
in summer during its flowering period. It is
carefully washed then subjected to thorough
Chemical component : The plants
contain triterpenoid saponins, phenolic
acids, coumarins and flavonoids. The
volatile oil from the plant consists of L.
fenchone 35%, limonene 22.6%, cineol 5.9%,
piperitenon oxide and sesquiterpene oxide.
Therapeutic uses: The
whole plant, except the roots, constitutes
an antibacterial, cholagogic, diuretic and
stomachic remedy. It is useful for the
treatment of jaundice in viral hepatitis,
oliguria, biliuria, fever, ophthalmalgia,
vertigo and dyspepsia in parturients. It is
prescribed in a daily dose of 10 to 20g in
the form of a decoction, extract or syrup.
- Lavit KHAM B.Sc (Chemistry),B.Pharm, MPS,MAACP,
MNHAA Medicinal Plants of Cambodia Habitat,
Chemical constituents and Ethno botanical Uses –
Bendigo Scientific Press
– ISBN 0-646-43703-8 / 9780646437033
- Somanith BOUAMANIVONG & Onvilay SOURIYA – Ministry
of Health, Traditional Medicine Research Center,
Editor Prof. Dr. Bouhong SOUTHAVONG, Vientiane
- Lily, M. PERRY. Medicinal Plants of East and
Southeast Asia, London, England 1978 - WHO Regional Publications, Western Pacific
Series No 2 - Jules VIDAL, Noms vernaculaires de plantes
(LAO, MEO, KHA) 1959 - Medicinal Plants in China 1989 - C. Pierce SALGUERO – A Thai Herbal,
Traditional Recipes for Health and Harmony, 2005
– Silkworm Bookswww.silkwormbooks.info
– ISBN 974-9575-74-1
- Dr. Sabine WILKINS Plant Physiology & Dr.
Pauline Mc CABE Naturopathy, La Trobe
University, Melbourne, Victoria Australia.
- Prof. Roger KING, Pharmacology Toxicology,
Monash University, Australia.
- Chea SOK MENG, Cambodian pharmacist
- Prof, Ka SUNBAUNAT Cambodian psychiatrist,
Vice Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Phnom Penh.
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